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Cooking with Rice: Tips for a Kidney Diet

Rice is a great choice for the kidney diet—it provides energy and is low in minerals of concern for people with kidney disease or those on dialysis. There are so many rice recipes available that you could prepare a different one every week without repeating the same dish all year long.

Are all types of rice acceptable for a kidney diet?

White rice is by far the most popular rice because it is tender compared to brown or wild rice, and the subtle flavor complements other ingredients in the dish. The nutty flavor and chewiness of brown rice is from the germ and bran, which is removed from white rice during refining. Most people in the early stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) do not have problems with mineral balance, and can include all types of rice. For people who are limiting phosphorus and potassium in their diet, white rice is recommended over brown rice, because brown rice is rich in these minerals. However, brown or wild rice can be eaten on a dialysis diet with attention to portion, and balanced with other foods to avoid an excessive intake of potassium or phosphorus. Your dietitian can advise you on the best rice to eat for your needs.

Try these kidney-friendly recipes from DaVita dietitians:

Getting started: How to cook rice

Now that you have these delicious recipes, how do you cook the rice? Here are some ways to prepare rice.

Electric rice cookers:These take the guess work out of cooking rice. Simply add one-part rice to two-parts water and push the timer to start the cooking process. The cooker is self-timed and will turn off once the rice is cooked.

Stovetop:Boiling rice on the stovetop can be easy, but it may take a few times to get the timing and technique down. Some recipes call for browning rice in oil in a skillet prior to adding liquid, as this makes it less sticky. To boil rice, use a heavy pot, and add two cups of water for each cup of rice unless the package instructs otherwise. Bring the rice and water to a boil, cover it with a lid and reduce to a simmer for 12 minutes. Once your rice is cooked tender and water is absorbed, fluff it with a fork and let it sit for five minutes before serving. Do not remove the lid or stir rice during cooking.

Oven: Heat the oven to 350° F. In a Dutch oven or oven-proof dish, heat rice and a tablespoon of cooking oil over stovetop and stir for 1-2 minutes. Add double the amount of liquid than rice and bring to a boil. Cover the dish and place it in the oven for 20-25 minutes until rice is tender and the liquid is absorbed. Fluff rice and let it stand for five minutes before serving.

Microwave:Place two-parts water to one-part rice in a microwave-safe bowl. Cover loosely with a plastic cover or vented plastic wrap. Microwave on high for 12 minutes, then let it sit for 5 minutes before fluffing with a fork. Microwave rice cookers are also available.

Additional tips for cooking rice

Regardless of the cooking method, if your rice comes out too soggy, try using less water next time. If it’s too dry add 1/4-1/2 cup more water the next time. Experiment until you get it just right.

Rice cooked in broth or with added seasonings may be preferred, but keep it kidney-friendly by choosing low-or reduced-sodium broth or bouillon without potassium chloride. Choose fresh or dried herbs and spices or salt-free seasoning blends.

Seasoned rice mixes are quite popular, but for anyone with high blood pressure or kidney disease, the sodium content is too high, ranging from 250 mg to 750 mg for a single serving.

Food safety is important when storing leftover rice. Dry rice may contain spores produced by toxin-producing bacteria called Bacillus cereus. It can cause food poisoning if contaminated rice sets at room temperature too long. Once cooked rice cools, store unused portion in a shallow container in the refrigerator.

In addition to rice grains, you can purchase rice noodles, also sold as rice sticks, rice flour, rice cereal, rice cakes, rice wrappers or rice milk as a low-potassium, low-phosphorus milk substitute. Try one of the following kidney-friendly recipes:

For more information on rice, visit the USA Rice Federation.

Rice: More than nice for a the kidney diet

Rice is a versatile food that fits into a kidney-friendly diet, providing a great calorie source that can be low in sodium, potassium and phosphorus. Browse the many rice recipes on DaVita.com and try multiple cooking methods to prepare tasty dishes for the whole family.

Related kidney disease education articles on DaVita.com


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